The Hemp Farming Act of 2018 was a proposed law to remove hemp (defined as cannabis with less than 0.3% THC) from Schedule I controlled substances and making it an ordinary agricultural commodity. Its provisions were incorporated in the 2018 United States farm bill that became law on December 20, 2018.
It has been a long road but the rise of hemp is here. There are still plenty of legal fights ahead of us. One must consider not only Federal laws but further, states and local authorities have additional legislation capacities. Legality can be very tricky and confusing. Here is a legal map and state by state info to help you understand additional legality information
(Though we do our best to provide accurate and up to date information. Bio Distro is not your attorney, please consult an attorney regarding any legality concerns, Bio Distro cannot be held liable for your legal mistakes.)
State Law Breakdown
Ala. Code § 2-8-380 to 2-8-383 and § 20-2-2 (2016)
- Creates an industrial hemp research program overseen by the Alabama
- Department of Agriculture and Industries to study hemp.
The department may coordinate the study with institutions of higher education.
Alaska Stat. § 03.05.010; Alaska Stat. § 03.05.100; Alaska Stat. § 03.05.076 to 03.05.079; Alaska Stat. § 11.71.900; Alaska Stat. § 17.20.020; Alaska Stat. §17.38.900 (2018)
- Directs the commissioner of natural resources to adopt regulations related to industrial hemp including approved sources or varieties of seed, testing requirements, and establishing isolation distances.
- Specifies registration requirements and allowable activities for registered producers of industrial hemp.
- Directs the department to establish fee levels to cover regulatory costs and annually review these fee levels.
- Allows for the creation of a pilot program by an institution of higher education or the Department of Natural Resources.
- Defines both industrial hemp and cannabidiol oil. Amends definitions for hashish oil and marijuana.
- Clarifies that the addition of industrial hemp to food does not create an adulterated food product.
- Requires a report on or before Dec. 1, 2024.
SB 1098 (2018) / Ariz. Rev. Stat. Ann. § 3-311 to 3-320
- Authorizes a pilot program for the research, growth, cultivation, and marketing of industrial hemp and establishes the Industrial Hemp Trust Fund.
- Directs the Arizona Department of Agriculture (AZDA) to adopt rules for the licensing, production and management of hemp and hemp seed, to set fees to fund AZDA’s activities, and to establish an industrial hemp advisory council.
- Allows for commercial hemp production, processing, manufacturing
Ark. Stat. Ann. § 2-15-401 et seq.
- Creates the Arkansas Industrial Hemp Program including a 10-year research program.
- Authorizes the State Plant Board to adopt rules to administer the research program and license growers.
- Requires the State Plant Board to provide an annual report starting Dec. 31, 2018.
- Allows the University of Arkansas’s Division of Agriculture and the Arkansas Economic Development Commission to work with the State Plant Board.
- Establishes a separate program fund, which will include feeds collected and other sources of funding
Cal. Food and Agric. Code §81000 to 81010 (2016)
- Allows for a commercial hemp program overseen by the Industrial Hemp Advisory Board within the California Department of Food and Agriculture.
- Establishes registration for seed breeders.
- This division will not become operative unless authorized under federal law.
Colo. Rev. Stat. § 35-61-101 to 35-61-109 (2016)
- Allows hemp cultivation for commercial and research purposes to be overseen by the Industrial Hemp Committee under the Department of Agriculture.
- Establishes a seed certification program.
- Establishes a grant program for state institutions of higher education to research new hemp seed varieties.
Conn. Gen. Stat. § 21a-240 (Also, see 2014 Conn. Acts, P.A. #14-191.)
- Establishes an agricultural pilot program for hemp research and directs the Connecticut Department of Agriculture to prepare a state plan.
- Requires licenses for the cultivation and processing of hemp.
Del. Code Ann. tit. 3 § 2800 to 2802 (2016)
- Establishes an industrial hemp research program overseen by the Delaware Department of Agriculture.
- Allows the department to certify institutions of higher education to cultivate hemp for research purposes.
S 1726 (Enacted; Effective June 16, 2017)
Florida SB 1020 (2019) / Fla. Stat. § 581.217
- Directs the Department of Agriculture and Consumer Services to authorize and oversee the development of industrial hemp pilot projects at certain universities. Commercialization projects may be allowed after two years with certain conditions.
- Authorizes the universities to develop pilot projects in partnership with public, nonprofit, and private entities;
- Requires a university to submit a report within two years of establishing a pilot program.
- Establishes the state hemp program and directs the Department of Agriculture and Consumer Services, including a land registry and licensing, to submit a plan to USDA.
- Provides requirements for the distribution and sale of hemp extract.
- Establishes an industrial hemp advisory council.
Georgia HB 213 / Ga. Code §§ 2-23-1 to 2-23-12 and § 16-13-25
- Provides for licensing requirements for growers and processors as part of a state hemp plan.
- Authorizes certain colleges and universities to conduct research on the cultivation, breeding, and development of hemp.
- Excludes regulated hemp and hemp products from the definition of marijuana as a controlled substance.
Hawaii Rev. Stat. § 141A to 141J and § 712 (2016)
- Establishes an industrial hemp pilot program overseen by the Hawaii Department of Agriculture.
- Allows the Board of Agriculture to certify hemp seeds.
Ill. Ann. Stat. ch. 720 § 550/15.2 (2016)
- Creates an industrial hemp pilot program that allows the Illinois Department of Agriculture or state institutions of higher education to grow hemp for research purposes.
- Requires institutions of higher education to provide annual reports to the department.
Ind. Code Ann. § 15-15-13-1 to 15-15-13-17 (2016)
- Allows the production and possession of hemp by licensed growers for commercial and research purposes.
- Growers and handlers of hemp seeds must obtain a hemp seed production license.
- Nothing in this section allows anyone to violate federal law.
Iowa SF 599 (2019) / Iowa Code § 204.1 to 204.17
- Directs the Department of Agriculture and Land Stewardship to establish a program, including licensing, fees and annual inspections, and to submit a state plan to USDA.
- Provides for the enforcement, fees, and penalties.
K.S.A Ch. 62 § 1 – 62 § 2
SB 263 (2018)
- Creates the Alternative Crop Research Act (and licensing fee fund) to promote the research and development of industrial hemp.
- Allows the Kansas Department of Agriculture (KDA), either alone or in coordination with a state institute of higher education, to cultivate and promote research and development of industrial hemp.
- Directs KDA to oversee annual licensing, establish fees, and promulgate rules and regulations.
- Allows for a pilot program in Russell County, and other counties as determined by KDA.
Ky. Rev. Stat. Ann. § 260.850 to 260.869 (2016)
- Creates an industrial hemp research program and a commercial licensing program to allow hemp cultivation for any legal purpose.
- The commercial growers’ license shall only be allowed subject to the legalization of hemp under federal law.
- Growers are required to use certified seeds and may import or resell certified seeds.
- Mandates the University of Kentucky Agricultural Experiment Station oversee a five-year hemp research program.
- Creates the Industrial Hemp Commission, attached to the Agricultural Experiment Station, to oversee, among other things, the licensing, testing and implementation of regulations and rules related to hemp.
Louisiana HB 491 (Act No. 164)
- Authorizes industrial hemp research, cultivation, processing and transportation and recognizes industrial hemp as an agricultural commodity.
- Provides for powers and responsibilities of the Agricultural Chemistry and Seed Commission and the Department of Agriculture and Forestry to develop an industrial hemp program, including criteria for seed approval, licensing, testing and other necessary rules and regulations.
- Directs the creation and submittal of a state plan to USDA by Nov. 1, 2019.
- Exempts legally allowed industrial hemp and industrial hemp-derived CBD products from the Uniform Controlled Dangerous Substances Law.
Me. Rev. Stat. Ann. tit. 7 § 2231 (2016)
- Allows hemp growing for commercial purposes.
- Establishes a license for seed distributors.
Md. Agriculture Code Ann. § 14-101 (2016)
- Establishes a license allowing individuals to plant, grow, harvest, possess, process, sell, or buy industrial hemp in Maryland.
- Authorizes the Maryland Department of Agriculture or an institution of higher education to grow hemp for research purposes.
Mass. Gen. Laws. Ann. 128 § 116 to 123 (2017)
- Allows for hemp to be planted, grown, harvested, possessed, bought or sold for research or commercial purposes under the regulation of the Massachusetts Department of Agricultural Resources (MDAR).
- Requires producers and distributors to obtain a license issued by MDAR and for persons utilizing hemp for commercial or research purposes to register with MDAR.
- Directs MDAR and Commissioner of Agriculture to promulgate rules and regulations.
Mich. Comp. Laws § 286.841 to 286.859 (2016)
- Creates an industrial hemp research program allowing the Michigan Department of Agriculture and Rural Development and institutions of higher education to grow hemp for research purposes.
HB 2034 (2018) / Mo. Ann. Stat. § 261.265
- Creates an industrial hemp agricultural pilot program, in accordance with federal law, to be implemented by the Missouri Department of Agriculture (MDA) to study the growth, cultivation, processing, feeding, and marketing.
- Creates the Industrial Hemp Fund.
- Directs MDA to promulgate rules, such as establishing permit and registration fees, to implement the program.
- Allows the Missouri Crop Improvement Association to establish and administer a seed certification program; specifies the food containing industrial hemp may not be considered adulterated.
Mont. Code Ann. § 80-18-101 to 80-18-111 (2016)
- Allows the Montana Department of Agriculture to implement a commercial hemp licensing program.
- Requires commercial growers to use certified seeds.
- Requires a federal controlled substances registration from the DEA for the affirmative defense against marijuana charges to apply.
Neb. Rev. Stat. § 2-5701 (2016)
- Allows a postsecondary institution or the Nebraska Department of Agriculture to grow hemp for research purposes.
Nev. Rev. Stat. § 557.010 to 557.080 (2016)
- Mandates the Nevada Board of Agriculture to implement an industrial hemp pilot program.
- Allows institutions of higher education and the Nevada Department of Agriculture to grow hemp for research purposes.
N.H. Rev. Stat. Ann. § 433-C:1 to 433-C:3 (2016)
- Allows institutions of higher education to cultivate hemp for research purposes.
- All research must be coordinated with the New Hampshire Department of Agriculture, Markets and Food.
- All research projects must conclude within three years of commencement.
2014 N.H. Laws, Chap. 18
- Established a committee to study the growth and sale of industrial hemp in New Hampshire.
- The study was required to report their findings by Nov. 1, 2014.
AB 1330 / SB 3145 (2018) / N.J. Stat. Ann § 4:28-1 to 4:28-5
- Directs the New Jersey Department of Agriculture to create a pilot program to research industrial hemp cultivation.
- Exempts anyone participating in the agricultural pilot program from crimes and penalties relating to the purchase, sale, or cultivation of marijuana.
SB 6 (2017)
- Directs the New Mexico Department of Agriculture to adopt rules for the research and development of industrial hemp, including for licensure, law enforcement training, inspection, recordkeeping, fees, and compliance processes.
- Establishes the New Mexico Industrial Hemp Research and Development Fund.
N.Y. Agriculture and Markets Law § 505 to 508 (McKinney 2016)
- Allows the growth of hemp as part of an agricultural pilot program by the Department of Agriculture and Markets and/or an institution of higher education.
- The commissioner of agriculture and markets may authorize no more than 10 sites for growing hemp as part of a pilot program.
- The commissioner may develop regulations to authorize the acquisition and possession of industrial hemp seeds.
- 1 NYCRR 159.2 allows authorized growers to possess, grow and cultivate seeds and hemp plants
N.C. Gen. Stat. § 106-568.50 to 106-568.54 and § 90-87(16) (2016)
- Creates an agricultural hemp pilot program overseen by the North Carolina Industrial Hemp Commission within the North Carolina Department of Agriculture.
- The commission must collaborate with North Carolina State University and North Carolina A&T State University.
N.D. Cent. Code § 4-41-01 to 4-41-03 and § 4-05.1-05 (2016)
- Allows hemp cultivation for commercial or research purposes overseen by the North Dakota agricultural commissioner.
- Growers must use certified seeds. Licensees may import, resell and plant hemp seeds.
- Permits the North Dakota State University-Main Research Center to conduct research on industrial hemp and hemp seeds.
- Decriminalizes hemp by excluding from the definition of marijuana in the controlled substance laws.
- Directs the Ohio Department of Agriculture to create and administer a hemp program for cultivation and processing, including licensing, application fees, testing and other regulations.
- Allows universities to cultivate and process hemp.
- Establishes a hemp marketing program.
OK Stat. tit. 2 § 3-401 to 3-410
HB 2913 (2018)
- Creates the Oklahoma Industrial Hemp Agriculture Pilot Program and revolving fund for the program.
- Allows universities, or subcontractors, to cultivate industrial hemp for research and development purposes.
- Directs the Oklahoma Department of Agriculture, Food, and Forestry to manage the pilot program, establish a certified seed program, and promulgate rules related to licensing, inspections.
Or. Rev. Stat §§ 571.300 to 571.321 (2016)
- Allows individuals registered by the Oregon Department of Agriculture to grow hemp for commercial purposes.
- Growers and handlers who intend to sell or distribute seeds must be licensed as seed producers.
Pa. Cons. Stat. Ann. tit. 3 § 701 to 710 (Purdon 2016)
- Allows institutions of higher education or the Department of Agriculture of the commonwealth to research hemp under an industrial hemp pilot program.
- This chapter shall expire if the secretary of agriculture of the Commonwealth determines a federal agency is authorized to regulate hemp.
R.I. Gen. Laws § 2-26-1 to 2-26-9 (2016)
- Establishes a commercial hemp program overseen by the Department of Business Regulation.
- Allows the Division of Agriculture in the Department of Environmental Management to assist the Department of Business Regulation in regulating hemp.
- Growers must verify they are using certified seeds.
- The department shall authorize institutions of higher education to grow hemp for research purposes.
S.C. Code Ann. § 46-55-10 to 46-55-40 (Law. Co-op 2016)
- Allows hemp growth for commercial and research purposes.
Tenn. Code Ann. § 43-26-101 to 43-26-103 (2016)
- Allows commercial hemp production overseen by the Tennessee Department of Agriculture.
- Directs the commissioner of agriculture to develop licensing rules for processors and distributors.
- Allows institutions of higher education to acquire and study seeds for research and possible certification.
- Directs the Texas Department of Agriculture to adopt rules for hemp production, including seed certification, licensing, testing, and fees, and submit a state hemp plan to USDA.
- Authorizes the cultivation, processing, and sale of hemp crops and products, including consumable products. Prohibits hemp products for smoking.
Utah Code Ann. § 4-41-101 to 4-41-105 (2016)
- Allows the Utah Department of Agriculture to grow hemp for research purposes.
- Requires that the department certify institutions of higher education to grow hemp for research purposes.
Vt. Stat Ann. tit. 6 § 561 to 566 (2016)
- Allows for commercial hemp production overseen by the Vermont secretary of agriculture, food, and markets.
- Requires the registration form advise applicants that hemp is still listed and regulated as cannabis under the federal Controlled Substances Act.
Va. Code § 3.2-4112 to 3.2-4120 (2016)
- Authorizes research and commercial hemp programs overseen by the Virginia Board of Agriculture and Consumer Services and the Virginia commissioner of agriculture and human services.
- The commissioner must establish separate licenses for the research program and for commercial growers.
- Nothing in this chapter allows individuals to violate federal laws.
Wash. Rev. Code Ann. § 15.120.005 to 15.120.050 (2016)
- Allows hemp production as part of a research program overseen by the Washington State Department of Agriculture.
- Requires the department establish a seed certification program.
W. Va. Code. § 19-12E-1 to 19-12E-9 (2016)
- Allows hemp production for commercial purposes by growers licensed by the West Virginia Commissioner of Agriculture.
- Growers must use seeds that produce plants containing less than 1 percent THC.
Wis. Stat. §94.55; Wis. Stat. §94.67; Wis. Stat. §97.02; §348.27; Wis. Stat. §961.14; Wis. Stat. §961.32; Wis. Stat. §961.442; Wis. Stat. §961.55; Wis. Stat. §973.01 (effective Dec. 2, 2017)
(Also, see 2017 Act 100 or S.B. 119.)
- Directs the state Department of Agriculture, Trade and Consumer Protection (DATCP) to establish a state industrial hemp program.
- Includes GPS coordinates, fee payment and a criminal history search as requirements for licenses.
- Directs the DATCP to establish and administer a seed certification program or designate another agency or organization to administer the program.
- Requires the DATCP to create a pilot program to study the growth, cultivation, and marketing of industrial hemp.
- Specifies exemptions from prosecution under the state Uniform Controlled Substances Act.
- Amends the definition of an agricultural commodity to include industrial hemp.
Wyo. Stat. § 35-7-2101 to 35-7-2107 (effective July 1, 2017)
- Authorizes the planting, growing, harvesting, possession, processing, or sale of industrial hemp for licensed individuals.
- Provides for licensing requirements and rule-making authority by the state department of agriculture.
- Allows the University of Wyoming and the state department of agriculture to grow industrial hemp for research purposes.
- Provides an affirmative defense for marijuana possession or cultivation of marijuana for licensed industrial hemp growers.